Robotics & the Future

At the frontiers of medicine, harnessing technologic and scientific advances in order to improve patient care, the Smith Institute for Urology is a world-renowned leader in robotic surgery, telemedicine, and research exploring robotic systems of the future. In fact, the first true telesurgery ever performed was accomplished with the use of the Percutaneous Access of the Kidney (PAKY) robot, developed by a team led by Dr. Louis R. Kavoussi, chairman of The Smith Institute.


This robot was specifically designed to allow remote percutaneous needle placement into the renal collecting system under fluoroscopic guidance. Using this system, surgeons successfully performed a kidney surgical procedure on a patient in Rome, Italy, while seated comfortably in the United States!